Edward Hopper (1882-1967) – 1929 Chop Suey
Edward Hopper was a prominent American realist painter and printmaker. While most popularly known for his oil paintings, he was equally proficient as a watercolorist and printmaker in etching. In both his urban and rural scenes, his spare and finely calculated renderings reflected his personal vision of modern American life
Kazimir Malevich (1878-1935) – 1910-11 Self Portrait (Tretyakov Gallery)
Kazimir Malevich was born near Kiev in the Russian Empire. His parents were ethnic Poles. It remains a mystery of 20th century art, how, while leading a comfortable career, during which he just followed all the latest trends in art, in 1915 Malevich suddenly came up with the idea of Suprematism. The fact that Malevich throughout all his life was signing and re-signing his works using earlier dates makes this u-turn in his artistic career even more ambiguous.
In 1915 he published his manifesto From Cubism to Suprematism. In 1915-1916 he worked with other Suprematist artists in a peasant/artisan co-operative in Skoptsi and Verbovka village. In 1916-1917 he participated in exhibitions of the Jack of Diamonds group in Moscow together with Nathan Altman, David Burliuk and A. Ekster. Famous examples of his Suprematist works include Black Square (1915) and White on White (1918).